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希波克拉底名言 希波克拉底誓言 医学名言一百句(4)

点击数: 更新时间:2017-02-27 10:35

attack, but if it appear later, it prolongs the same; and inthe

same manner the urine, and alvine disch`arges, and sweats,according as

they appear along with favorable o`r unfavorable symptoms,indicate

diseases of a short o`r long duration.

12.根据疾病本身、季节变化、周期交替——无论是每天、每隔一天或更长时间——以及根据意外出现的症状,即可看出疾病是恶化还是解除。以胸膜炎病症为例,若咯淡出现于初期,则疾病不会长久;但若出现于后期,则疾病将会拖延。同样,根据大小便、出汗的现象及与之相伴的有利或不利症状,即可知患病时间之长短。

13. Old persons endure fasting most easily; next, adults;young

persons not nearly so well; and most especially infants, and ofthem

such as are of a particularly lively spirit.

13.老年人最易节食,成年人次之,青年人则相差甚远;而尤其是婴儿——相对于他们而言,婴儿特别富有活力。

14. Growing bodies have the most innate heat; they thereforerequire

the most food, for otherwise their bodies are wasted. In oldpersons

the heat is feeble, and therefore they require little fuel, asit

were, to the flame, for it would be extinguished by much. Onthis

account, also, fevers in old persons are not equally acute,because

their bodies are cold.

14.成长之躯有其充分的内在热量,因此需充足食物,否则会消瘦。而老人之躯少有热量,所以犹如炉火只需少许“燃料”,因燃料过多会使其熄灭。因而老人发热也不会一样剧烈,因其身躯热量不多。

15. In winter and spring the bowels are naturally the hottest,and

the sleep most prolonged; at these seasons, then, the most

sustenance is to be administered; for as the belly has thenmost

innate heat, it stands in need of most food. The well-known factswith

regard to young persons and the athletae prove this.

15.冬春两季体内热量自然最多,睡眠时间最长;此时应有充足之食物,因胃部既热量充分,亦最需食物提供养料。年轻人和运动员不乏众所周知的事实,可以证明。

16. A humid regimen is befitting in all febrile diseases, and